T17-tigress,-machali's-daughter-rests-under-an-ancient-chattri-tomb-in-ranthambhore--divya-srivastrava

Satra (Sundari)

Satra doesn't shy away from a fight. As an adventurous cub, she explored the outer limits of her territory, and learning from her strong mother Machali, she soon took over a territory of her own and challenged any who got in her way. But she has had to fight to stay in power – even her own mother has been driven out of her lands by her plucky daughter.

But until recently, though she has succeeded in exerting her dominance over all the other females in the park, Satra has not yet reached one of her biggest milestones as a tigress – to raise cubs. She enjoys the company of four different mates but only in May 2012 did she have 3 cubs at nearly six years of age. It is thought that fellow star male Dollar, an adoptive father in his own right, is the father of Satra's litter.

However after a fight with a rival male this winter, to protect her cubs, she moved from her prime habitat and has not been seen for a week from late April 2013.

Is she still alive?  Why has she left her cubs? 

Age: 9 years old (adult)
Name Meaning: Beautiful
Code: T17
First seen: October 2006
Gender: Female
Notable marks: Mark on right thigh, and an 'eye-patch' on her left belly

Satra was the dominant one in the litter from the very start. By December in 2007, she'd started exploring her territory for days-on-end, while her other two sisters stayed with the mother. By early 2008, Satra had established a small territory around the base of the Ranthambhore Fort, while her two sisters were still living with their mother. Occasionally Satra would go back to the family, despite already being a capable hunter on her own. Finally, by the summer of 2008, Satra had become totally independent, with her two sisters taking another few months to separate from their mother.

In the summer of 2008, there were serious efforts to relocate tigers from Ranthambhore to Sariska (a reserve close by that had lost all its tigers to poaching), and a number of tigers were identified for this relocation – Sharmelee and Satra among them. As part of the process, the selected tigers were fitted with a radio tracking collar. Sharmelee was relocated to Sariska in early July, leaving the Lakkarda area open for Sundari or one of her sisters to take over. But this was not to be. Satra was never moved to Sariska, and her radio collar was finally taken off in November 2011. 

During the winter of 2008, Satra was confident enough to expand her territory. To everyone’s surprise she started fighting with her mother Machali for territory. This war of succession ended in Satra’s favour, after Machali left the area of the lakes to establish her base in Lakkarda, where she still lives today.

Soon, Satra took over most of Machali’s territory except for two small parts - Lakkarda, which was left for her mother, and parts of Mandoop, which her sister Unnis took over. Her third sister, Athara, had just established her territory in the Phoota Kot area, when she too was relocated to Sariska.

Since then, Satra has been ruling the area of the lakes and an impressively large adjoining territory. For the last three years, she has been the most frequently seen tiger in Ranthambhore. Like her mother, Satra is certainly not shy of vehicles and often gets too close for some people's comfort. 

We've often seen Satra mate with one of four different males, but she showed no signs of bearing a litter. She always shared her territory with three different males (T12, T25 and Sitara earlier, and now Sultanpur, following T12's move to Sariska) and it may be a case of tiger politics that she has deliberately not had cubs.

During early summer 2011, Satra started expanding into the Kachida valley after the dominant female there (T5) died. Satra now has one of the largest territories among the females in Ranthambhore National Park - a territory rivalled in size only by that of her sister Unnis.

After much speculation and a number of years playing one male off against another, Satra finally had three cubs in early May 2012, and it is believed Dollar (T25) is the father.

At the end of the season, in late June 2012, she exhibited her cubs to the world, just before the park closure and monsoon broke.  For the next six months Satra gamefully showed off her charges as they grew up under the glare of publicity.

However in late December she fought with Sitara (T28) who was not happy about her progeny's ancestry and she had to protect them from him. Her fighting injury was severe and needed veterinary intervention. Soon to protect her cubs she moved them away from her territory to the western borders near Kachida under Dollar's protection.  From there she started to wander into the nearby farmlands causing must consternation for the department.

As of late April, she has been missing for a number of days and her cubs have been calling for her often.

Follow Satra and her three cubs. Has she survived and now will her cubs survive if she doesn't?

 

13 May 2013 Tiger diary almost 2 years ago

Satra's cubs - a viable future? by Julian Matthews

The Forest Department is looking after Satra cubs in an area called Bhadlav talab - meaning small pool in Hindi - just inside the park’s western boundaries. They are being fe...

Tiger: Satra

Reserve: Ranthambhore, Rajasthan


Do we have Nalla's pictures on Tigernation? Also, were the cubs there when Satra and Sitara got into the fight?

sachin | almost 2 years ago

Correct Imtiaz. I believe nalla captured much of it on camera so is a reliable witness to events.

julianmatthews | almost 2 years ago

Sitara and satra got into argument during sharing of meal killed by satra. During the fight both sitara and satra got injured. Thats the reason she moved the cubs away from sitara's area.

imtiazkhank | almost 2 years ago

If it's possible that Sitara is the cubs dad why were he and Satra fighting to the point of Satra being injured so badly that she needed veterinary intervention. Also, why would she risk moving them into Dollars territory if he was not the cubs dad? Or was this a calculated risk that she was able to take because she had mated with a number of males so therefore each male believes he is the father?

tigerfan | almost 2 years ago

I always believed that she moved out from rajbagh lake only to save her cubs from sitara

sachin | almost 2 years ago

I for one am very pleased that Satra's poor cubs are being looked after in some way. And if what Julian says about the father being Sitara rather than Dollar, then it is the only way they will will thrive. I wish them all the luck in the world. (I am still pining for Satra!).

indiabarb | almost 2 years ago

This is a contentious one, but it is now thought that Sitara was really the father, and not Dollar, even though she eventually moved her cubs out of his domain. Satra always played the field as a young lady so its a tough call, but whatever happened she got divorced from Sitara (T28) !!

julianmatthews | almost 2 years ago

Considering that Dollar is their father, is he also a danger to them?

sachin | almost 2 years ago


01 May 2013 Tiger diary almost 2 years ago

Concern grows over Satra's whereabouts by Julian Matthews

The Ranthambhore Forest department is out in force trying to trace Satra (T17), who has disappeared.  Using a combination of tracking skills, intelligence and camera traps, f...

Tiger: Satra

Reserve: Ranthambhore, Rajasthan


I cannot bear to think that this magnificent tigress is dead. She was so beautiful and full of charisma. Loved her so much and still do, and always will.

indiabarb | almost 2 years ago

I've heard that she is now dead sadly! I am so sad!

tigercubs | almost 2 years ago

It does seem that the longer Satra is missing the more likely it is that her disappearance may be as a result of coming into conflict with local people because she had taken their livestock.

tigerfan | almost 2 years ago

I know we want to be optimistic but its clear that feeding on easy meals of the village could have led to her disappearance coz of the villagers's tendency to poisoning the livestock to kill the tiger!! I just hope that Dollar takes over the role that he took with the last litter...Satra "was" my favourite tigress too!!

sachin | almost 2 years ago

This is very worrying, i keep telling myself that she's o.k. & she'll return to her cubs soon. It just doesn't seem right that one of Ranthambores princesses can just disappear. I truly hope that the worst hasn't happened as that would be a tragedy & a huge loss to everyone. Thanks to everyone involved

tigerfan | almost 2 years ago

This is a very sad report. It will be a tragedy if Satra is found dead. It tugs at your heart to think of her cubs distressed and calling for her. Surely their only hope for survival if Satra is dead is Dollar taking over mum's role.I can understand the forest guards wanting to help by feeding the cubs but surely this won't help them in the long term. Lets hope that Satra is found alive and well.

blackberry04 | almost 2 years ago

This is terrible news. She was such a favourite of mine, I love her deeply, as we saw her so many times in Ranthambhore and she always gazed at our jeep nonchalantly, far too bold to worry about us! I pray she is alright, and I feel for her cubs. Poor Satra, come home!

indiabarb | almost 2 years ago

Please let hope that they find Satra alive, her cubs are not old enough to survive without her yet, it will be a terrible tragedy if they find her dead, maybe she is just licking any wounds and resting up. Its all so very sad.

anniehw | almost 2 years ago

I hope they find Satra... She is such a spirited tigress, it would be such a shame to lose her.

Aishwarya | almost 2 years ago

Indeed sad.

vipinsharma | almost 2 years ago


31 Mar 2013 Tiger diary almost 2 years ago

What happened to Satra? by Yadvendra Singh

Extraordinary. Satra (T17) has simply abandoned her prestigious domain. Once the fiercest of the tigresses living around her lake side home, she played the field for a nu...

Tiger: Satra

Reserve: Ranthambhore, Rajasthan


correct yes. She had to get away from Sitara her aggressor at the lakes.

julianmatthews | almost 2 years ago

Was this because of severe injury she suffered, she found defending Zone - 3 was difficult and therefore moved to safer Zone-5 to keep her and the cubs away from possible further conflicts with male tiger.

Pushkar | almost 2 years ago

Yeah Mike, Mum has sacrificed everything for the live of her cubs. Very fascinating and revealing behaviour

julianmatthews | almost 2 years ago

Hmm, the proximity of the village is a huge worry for the future. However, again this is fascinating behaviour in abandoning THE prime real estate for security for her family. It seems responsibilty lies heavily, even on tigers.

MikeCur | almost 2 years ago


29 Dec 2012 Tiger diary about 2 years ago

A battle rages. A mother hurt by Bobby Bhargava

It’s a dangerous and worrying time for Satra (also called Sundari) and her three youngsters. The dominant male Sitara (T28 ) has had his eye on parts of Ranthambhore...

Tiger: Satra

Reserve: Ranthambhore, Rajasthan


I hope Satra and her cubs will be ok.

Aishwarya | about 2 years ago


03 Dec 2012 Tiger diary over 2 years ago

Eternal enemies - A winner's prize by Hemraj Meena

As the sun, golden in the dawn of the day, began to climb over the Araveli hills, alarm calls went up from the Kachida valley. To the left langur monkeys screeched their call...

Tiger: Satra

Reserve: Ranthambhore, Rajasthan



16 Nov 2012 Tiger diary over 2 years ago

Mum teaches her cubs a dangerous lesson by Yadvendra Singh

Ranthambhore is famous for its chhatris, dome shaped pavilions that are memorials to a glorious past when this wilderness was full of Mahajahs, Mughuls, warriors, forts and p...

Tiger: Satra

Reserve: Ranthambhore, Rajasthan


Fantastic - & not just the photo, to witness that behaviour, so lucky.

Barasingha | over 2 years ago

very interesting .

sriruproy | over 2 years ago

Oh My God, what a remarkable behaviour to witness. She really is a chip off the Machali block.

MikeCur | over 2 years ago

Wow what a sight to see, interaction between predators!

KayTiwari | over 2 years ago


Photos

Photo-icon Photos: 77


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Activity

05 Feb 2015 Photo was added 28 days ago

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T74 One of T17s Boys at the Berda Semli tiraha. good to see this one working to carve a territory of his own. A tribute to the efforts of the FD Guides and drivers who kept aclose watch on the youngsters after T17 disappeared. Also well done DAD T25 this is the second litter I believe he helped thru their younger days.Any news on the other brother? our experts can help update us.

Tiger:
Satra

Reserve:
Ranthambhore, Rajasthan

Mini_dsc01619 Uploaded by Adeet Ghosh  

I also tagged TOFT into the tweet storm too

tigerfan | 28 days ago

Julian, I hope you don't mind, but I just tagged T.N into the tweet storm for tigers that's taking place right now #OpTigerStorm

tigerfan | 28 days ago

It's great to see Satra's cubs doing so well. Well done to all involved!

tigerfan | 28 days ago

I'm so glad to see this guy is okay!

Aishwarya | 28 days ago

07 Nov 2014 Photo was added 4 months ago

Normal_t74__satra_s_cub__hemraj_meena_nov_2014

T75 - one of Satra's (T17) orphaned male cubs now in the Kachida valley.

Tiger:
Satra

Reserve:
Ranthambhore, Rajasthan

Mini__dsc4189 Uploaded by Hemraj Meena  

Thanks hemraj - this is great to see. Satra's orphaned cubs, brought up by the forest department now part of the mix in Kachida.

julianmatthews | 4 months ago

26 Jun 2014 Photo was added 8 months ago

Normal_female_tigress_rtr-0274

Orphaned female sub adult of Satra (T-17). 25/06/14 Morning safari. Zone-5 , Near Kachida.

Tiger:
Satra

Reserve:
Ranthambhore, Rajasthan

Mini_img_1637 Uploaded by Vipin Sharma  

I've seen a few refer to her bro as T-73 as well. This is getting confusing.

leminh | 8 months ago

Her code number is still waiting for its confimation by NTCA...though she is given T73 by Forest Department and send to NTCA for aprroval.....so we call her T73 only,no other name is given YET !

yadvendra | 8 months ago

what a shot

rajafahdi | 8 months ago

This is a number - we like names as this way one can gain some sort of affinity in her. You can loose a number much easier than you can loose a named individual!

julianmatthews | 8 months ago

I guess FD has given name as T-73.

vipinsharma | 8 months ago

Terrific shot mate .

RickSaveTadoba | 8 months ago

Thank you Vipin. Has anyone given her a name yet. We need a name for her??? Vipul/Yad - anyone given her a name

julianmatthews | 8 months ago

Missing Entry partial

16 Feb 2014 Photo was added about 1 year ago

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T73 and T74...Unnis's (T19) sons in Dhakada area in zone 5 rcently ...doing well

Tiger:
Satra

Reserve:
Ranthambhore, Rajasthan

Mini_yad______img_1593 Uploaded by Yadvendra Singh  

Brilliant job by all ~ They look incredible!

tigerfan | about 1 year ago

Yeah... we need to appreciate the great work by the Forest Department.

Kshitij | about 1 year ago

Just testing you Imtiaz.!! You are correct. These are T17 (the long lost Satra's near adult cubs!) All three still alive which deserves a big round of applause for the Forest department here.

julianmatthews | about 1 year ago

Nice to see them....Are they T17 cubs or T19 cubs...T19 cubs are T64 and T65?

imtiazkhank | about 1 year ago

14 Jan 2014 Photo was added about 1 year ago

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The female cub (T73 or T74),one of the orphans of Satra (T17) in Bagda area this evening on zone 5....thank to God that they all are safe

Tiger:
Satra

Reserve:
Ranthambhore, Rajasthan

Mini_yad______img_1593 Uploaded by Yadvendra Singh  

For cubs like Satras who sadly lose their mums, what are the rules/guidelines to give them the best chance to survive as wild tigers, and do all the reserves follow the same guidelines?

tigerfan | about 1 year ago

Thanks Yadvendra

tigerfan | about 1 year ago

Bagda area is close to villages???? Hope they are not killing livestock..

Tiger516 | about 1 year ago

These ORPHANS are about 20 months old now n their code nos are T73 female cub,T74 female cub,T75 male cub....

yadvendra | about 1 year ago

Minimum five years old now! First known of in early 2009.

KayTiwari | about 1 year ago

How old is she kay?

jyotilegha | about 1 year ago

Magdhi/Behra female just collared and released. About time I say.

KayTiwari | about 1 year ago

Very happy to see them safe...I feel MP parks should learn from Ranthambhore FD about raising the orphans in the forest

imtiazkhank | about 1 year ago

Brilliant! So happy to see this photo. How old are they now, & do they have names yet?

tigerfan | about 1 year ago

Fabulous to see them doing well given their history. Are they now being more adventuresome and outside of their closed area?

julianmatthews | about 1 year ago

01 Jan 2014 Photo was added about 1 year ago

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2013 will always be remembered as the year in which we lost Satra. Whilst I accept that tigers come and go, her loss was difficult to take. She is irreplaceable

Tiger:
Satra

Reserve:
Ranthambhore, Rajasthan

Mini_user_default Uploaded by Sriskandh Subramanian  

Undoubtedly!!! She remains my favorite tigress!!!

sachin | about 1 year ago

So true, her disappearance greatly affected many of us.

tigerfan | about 1 year ago

03 Nov 2013 Photo was added over 1 year ago

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We all miss Satra (T17). The good news is that, we spotted Satra's 2 cubs and they were chasing deer. Here is one cub close to my jeep. Please mind the quality.

Tiger:
Satra

Reserve:
Ranthambhore, Rajasthan

Mini_me7 Uploaded by Arjun m  

So all 3 are still alive, but you only saw 2 on this occasion. Thanks for clarifying

tigerfan | over 1 year ago

Ya, we saw only 2 cubs. The male cub and a female one. Male cub looked more bigger than the female, which I have clicked. And the male cub was more shy, he never gave us a chance to photograph.

arjunkabini | over 1 year ago

Though they are 3 cubs but only 2 were sighted in Kachida area of Z5...their code numbers are--female cub1--T73 , female cub2--T74, male cub- T75....

yadvendra | over 1 year ago

Please can you just clarify, are there 2 or 3 cubs?

tigerfan | over 1 year ago

This is great news! Do they have names yet? How are they learning the survival skills that they would have learned from Satra?

tigerfan | over 1 year ago

This is good news Arjun. Thanks. The three cubs all still alive after their mother's still disturbing disappearance I believe.

julianmatthews | over 1 year ago

28 Jul 2013 Photo was added over 1 year ago

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Satra (T17) takes refuge under one of the smaller cenotaph ruins at the edge of Padam Talab

Tiger:
Satra

Reserve:
Ranthambhore, Rajasthan

Mini_user_default Uploaded by Sriskandh Subramanian  

Thanks for clarifying that Julian. When I first saw it I got a bit excited. But then I thought it was possibly an old photo. Such a shame. Hope her cubs are doing well.

tigerfan | over 1 year ago

Old photo sadly. satra has not been found - no trace - which is undoubtably worrying - as someone is hiding something!

julianmatthews | over 1 year ago

Has Satra been found or is this an old photo?

tigerfan | over 1 year ago

06 Jun 2013 Photo was added over 1 year ago

Normal_sundari_9422

The last recorded sighting of Satra in tourism area, with two of her three cubs. 2nd February 2013, 8.00 a.m, Gudla Ghati, Zone 5. Still limped. I miss her!

Tiger:
Satra

Reserve:
Ranthambhore, Rajasthan

Mini_vijay-profile-pic-small Uploaded by Vijayarajan  

Its all possible of course, but the mystery is absolutely no evidence of her. No kills, no pugmarks etc - which is the biggest clue as to her disappearance. Tigerwatch and FD can usually track tigers across landscapes but nothing of Satra sadly.

julianmatthews | over 1 year ago

Any possibility that she has travelled out (leaving her subs back for no reason) like Broken Tail..?? Does tiger abondon the cubs for any reason..?

Pushkar | over 1 year ago

Will upload those shortly.

sriskandh | over 1 year ago

Where are the photos taken on February 9th, of the left flank?

tigerfan | over 1 year ago

So in your photos on your profile, is it image number 10 that was taken on 9th february 2013?

tigerfan | over 1 year ago

It is uploaded, please check it in my gallery on TN and compare it with the links given below.

sriskandh | over 1 year ago

Why not upload them on here, instead of offline, so we can all see!

tigerfan | over 1 year ago

Vijayrajan - There is no mistaking that the tigress i saw on 9th Feb is indeed Satra, please do take some time to match the stripe patterns from your records. Do match the image i have uploaded on Tiger Nation with this of Satra - http://500px.com/photo/8755156?from=set/361731 from last summer when she had just given birth and was very much in the lakes. Any confusion you may have can also be cleared by comparing with this image of Unnis at Nal ghati from 2 years back - http://500px.com/photo/4887859?from=set/361731 . The sisters do look similar but there is no doubt that Satra was at Jogi Mahal that day. I also have shots of the left flank of Satra from that day which i have further matched with records and will be happy to send across, offline.

sriskandh | over 1 year ago

I remember Vipul jain's presence during that sighting. Thanks vipuljain for the re-confirmation that this (2 February 2012) was indeed the last sighting of Satra in the tourism zone. The sighting (at Jogi Mahal on 9 February) reported by sriksandh has got to be of Unnis !

Vijayarajan | over 1 year ago

sir, i am also there & made video with nicely walking & gave thanks to forest department to looks after well. but no one can control nature- t-19 come on lake side and chge her on away to kachida side. for me also this the last sighting. as per report of forest official all three cubs r fine & doing well.

vipuljain | over 1 year ago

Yes, i am sure. We were not sure ourselves when we saw her so made sure that we cross-checked her facial marks. It was her - no doubt. Infact she had also been seen at Padam Talab the previous day. Although Unnis had started staying in the lake area, Satra did make the odd forays to her turf. Infact i had also uploaded an image from that sighting.

sriskandh | over 1 year ago

sriskandh, are you sure you sighted her on 9 February and not Unnis ? Ever since Satra got injured in the fight with Sitara, she had only been moving towards zone 5 and beyond. It seems next to impossible that she came back to Jogi Mahal (which is Sitara's & Unnis' territory) during that period. Vipul Jain (who was present at the sighting of 2 February) & Hemraj Meena could perhaps shed light on this please.

Vijayarajan | over 1 year ago

Not a single day goes by without thinking about her. There is no other tiger like her. Actually - we saw her at Jogi Mahal on February 9th, 2013.

sriskandh | over 1 year ago

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